Climate migration and managed retreat related papers:

Staten Island buyout wantedManaged retreat concept artHouston floodingBuyout


  • Reframing strategic, managed retreat for transformative climate adaptation (2021)
    Here we integrate research on retreat, transformational adaptation, climate damages and losses, and design anddecision support to chart a roadmap for strategic, managed retreat. At its core, this roadmap requires afundamental reconceptualization of what it means for retreat to be strategic and managed.

  • Climate mobility and the pandemic: art–science lessons for societal resilience (2021)
    In this Intervention, we deploy and evaluate art as a social practice supporting societal responses to sea level rise and its impacts. Our evaluation is focused on the ways in which the open-ended, deliberately unusual juxtaposition of art and science can accelerate fundamental adjustments in responding to complex climate risks such as climate mobility threats, under simultaneous stressors such as COVID-19.

  • Promoting equity in retreat through voluntary property buyout programs (2021)
    In this policy analysis, we provide an overview of equity and justice issues in buyouts based on existing literature, present policy options that may address and reduce existing social inequities in buyouts, and then outline how improved reporting on buyout programs by implementers can support buyout policy learning that will improve buyout outcomes and equity.

  • The role of international organizations in equitable and just planned relocation (2021)
    Through the exploration of case studies, we identify best practices that international organizations have available to influence the design, implementation, and evaluation of planned relocation processes. These practices are relevant when striving for equity for all affected individuals and communities.

  • Managed retreat through voluntary buyouts of flood-prone properties (2019)
    Here, we analyze more than 40,000 voluntary buyouts of flood-prone properties in the United States, in which homeowners sell properties to the government and the land is restored to open space, and explore some of the patterns that are uncovered.

  • The case for strategic and managed climate retreat (2019)
    Faced with intensifying climate-related risks the question is no longer whether some communities will retreat, but why, where, when, and how. We argue for strategy that incorporates socioeconomic development and for management that is innovative, evidence-based, and context-specific.

  • Managed retreat as a response to natural hazard risk (2017)
    Managed retreat is an important climate change adaptation option, providing an alternative to structural protection or accommodation measures. We evaluate the drivers, barriers and outcomes of 27 recent cases of managed retreat that have resettled about 1.3 million people.